Adam Silverman

9/17/02
Mrs. Wall-P.1
“Storm Warning”
Rough Draft
Adrienna Rich’s Poem “Storm Warnings” reveals both literal and
metaphorical meanings through organization, use of concrete detail, and how
these elements relate back to the title. The organization of the poem
shows the progression of a storm in a literal and metaphorical way. There
are many examples of literal explanations through out the poem. In stanza
one, line four, “Of gray unrest is moving across the land,” talks about how
the storm is starting to develop by the changing of the sky color. “When
the air moves inward toward a silent core of waiting,” found in stanza two
lines eight to nine, Rich explains how the wind is coming closer to the
speaker’s house. In stanza three, line twenty, “The wind will rise,”
refers to how the wind will rise and become stronger and begin to become
apparent in the storm. Rich declares in stanza four, line twenty-two, “The
sky goes black,” talks about the storm is at its worst and the clouds have
made the sky turn black. There are also many examples of metaphorical
explanations through out the poem. In Stanza one, line one, “The glass has
been falling all afternoon,” is saying that the storm is all ready there
and has been raining all afternoon. In stanza two, line eleven and twelve,
Rich declares “By secret currents of the undiscerned in to the polar realm”
explains that the storm is making everything outside very cold. In stanza
three, line fifteen to sixteen, “Between foreseeing and averting change
lies all the mastery of elements,” talks about how the storm is building
up and how the speaker realizes that all of the elements of wind, rain, and
clouds are coming together to form the strong point of the storm. In
stanza four, line twenty-four to twenty-five, “The insistent whine of
weather through the unsealed aperture,” Rich refers to that the wind is
becoming stronger and the storm is completely there now. Both in a literal
and a metaphorical way show the progression of the storm through out the
poem.

The author has many examples of concrete detail that reveals both a
literal and a metaphorical meaning to the reader. In Stanza one, line one,
“The glass has been falling all afternoon,” literally this line talks about
how the barometer is has been falling all afternoon and metaphorically it
shows that it has been raining all afternoon. When the air moves inward
toward a silent core of waiting,” found in stanza two lines eight to nine,
Rich literally writes how the wind is coming closer to the speakers house
and metaphorically how the silent core refers to the anticipation of the
silence that happens before a big storm occurs. In stanza three, line
twenty-one, “We can only close the shutters”, literally talks about how the
speaker closes the shutters to prevent the wind from coming inside of the
house, and metaphorically, the main character shuts the curtains to stay
away from coming in contact with the storm and to avoid the emotion caused
from the storm. In stanza four, line twenty-four, “This is our sole
defense against the season,” literally speaking, to prepare for a storm you
must have a defense, where as metaphorically speaking Rich writes how
drawing the curtains, lighting the candles, closing the windows, and
shutting the shutters is the only way to prepare for a storm. Both
metaphorical and literal meanings are reveled through many examples of
concrete detail.

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The way the author relates to the title helps reveal both literal and
metaphorical meanings of the poem. In Stanza one, line one, “The glass has
been falling all afternoon,” literally says it explains how it’s raining
during the storm. Metaphorically it shows how it has been raining really
hard all afternoon which is a warning that the storm is coming. In line
stanza one, line four, “Of gray unrest is moving across the land,”
literally talks about how the storm is starting to develop by the changing
of the sky color which is a sign that its getting bigger, and
metaphorically it saying that the grey clouds are coming across the
speakers land and is coming closer to the house. When the air moves inward
toward a silent core of waiting,” found in stanza two lines eight to nine,
Rich writes literally how the air is coming towards the speaker’s house and
metaphorically the silent core of waiting is a warning that there will be a
big storm after the core of silence. Both literal and metaphorical
meanings relates to the title which the author reveals in the poem. Both
literal and metaphorical meanings are revealed through organization, use of
concrete detail, and how these elements relate back to the title in
Adrienna Rich’s poem “Storm Warnings.”