Poetic Inspiration

In Keats “Ode to a Nightingale” and Shelleys “Ode to the West Wind” both poets show much inspiration within their poetry. The bird in “Ode to a Nightingale” represents a supernatural being conjured up by the speaker. The wind in “Ode to the West Wind” inspires the speaker while serving as a “destroyer and preserver.”
In the poem, “Ode to a Nightingale” the reader sees that the poet draws his inspiration through hemlock which the poet had drunk and some kind of opiate. The poet speaks about dying from the consumption of some type of poisonous drink in stanza two. The speaker wants to, “Fade far away, dissolve, and quite forget / What thou among the leaves has never known (21-22).” He doesnt seem to have much respect for or admiration of the world. The speaker cites all of the bad aspects of life and the world which inspire him to contemplate suicide. This idea of death and suicide is further displayed through the quote in stanza six :
” I have been half in love with easeful Death,
Now more than ever seems it rich to die,
To cease upon the midnight with no pain,
While thou art pouring forth thy soul abroad
In such an ecstasy (52-58).”
The readers contemplation of suicide is thoroughly depicted through this quote. The reader is actually thinking these thoughts because he realizes that the beautiful birds songs only occur through death because the bird is immortal and with the immortal bird comes the immortal song. He shows his admiration for the bird when he speaks of the birds past experiences. He is greatly inspired by the bird and this is the reason for this poem, but in the last stanza he returns to reality and back to his “sole self”. He no longer wants to die and hear this immortal song sung by the bird which he once longed to experience.
In Ode to the West Wind, the reader sees yet another poet inspired by something that has caught the speakers attention.

Themes In Connecticut Yankee In King Arthur’s Cou

rt (CH. 1-8)In Chapter 1 of A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthurs Court by Mark Twain, the role of inequality is emphasized heavily. The quote on page 8, paragraph 2 shows this. The quote is They and the women, as a rule, wore a coarse tow-linen robe that came well below the knee, and a rude sort of sandals, and many wore an iron collar. The small boys and girls were always naked; but nobody seemed to know it. (Twain PG 8). The Yankee seems to be looking down on the people around him, thinking he is better than they are. The role of inequality is shown throughout the book.

A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthurs Court also touches on the role of democracy and social stratification in Chapter 2. Democracy is portrayed when the Yankee observes the round table. The quote is As a rule, the speech and behavior of these people were gracious and courtly; and I noticed they were good and serious listeners when anybody was telling anythingI mean in a dogless interval. (Twain PG 13). He showed how the people at the table round listened to each other and each others ideas. Social stratification is shown on page 13. The quote is The rascalsthey have served other people so in their day; it being their own turn, now, they were not expecting any better treatment than this. (Twain PG 13). This shows how the poor are treated and they never expect more. The role of social stratification will be shown in the next chapter.

In Chapter 5, the role of social stratification and power struggle are shown. Social stratification is shown in the quote Merlin, in his malice, had woven a spell about this dungeon, and there bides not the man in theses kingdoms that would be desperate enough to essay to cross it lines with you! (Twain PG 22). This shows how Merlin is feared by many. A power struggle is also shown by the quote He was frightened even to marrow, and was minded to give order for your instant enlargement, and that you be clothed in fine raiment and lodged as befitted one so great; but then came Merlin and spoiled it all. (Twain PG 24). This shows the power struggle between Hank and Merlin, which will be more in later chapters.

In Chapter 6, the role of inequality is included in two ways. It is shown in the quote The king, by his silence, still stands to the terms. Then I lifted up my handsstood so just a momentthen I said, with the most awful solemnity: Let the enchantment dissolve and pass harmless away! (Twain PG 31). This is inequality because he knew of the eclipse and that deceived the people.

Chapter 7 portrays power struggle and the role of technology. Technology is shown when Hank blows up Merlins tower, knowing a way to do it with his advanced knowledge. The quote is There fore I am going to call down fire and blow up your tower. (Twain PG 35). Technology is used to Hanks advantage with the lightning rod. A power struggle is also portrayed when Merlin admits defeat from Hank. The quote is And as for being grateful, he never even said thankyou. He was a rather hard lot, take him how you might; but then you couldnt fairly expect a man to be sweet that had been set back so. (Twain PG 36).

Chapter 8 focuses in on power struggles and the role of the Catholic Church. The Yankee is given the title the Boss and is given more power. The quote is I was never known by any other designation afterward, whether in nations talk or in grave debate upon matters of state at the council board of the sovereign. The title translated into modern speech, would be the Boss. (Twain PG 40). This shows how he gains power and wants more. The role of the Roman Catholic Church is portrayed in the quote There you see the hand of that awful power, the Roman Catholic Church. (Twain PG 39). Here, the Boss refers to his displeasure with the Catholic Church.

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Paper Title:
Do you ever survive the effects of divorce? If you have experienced divorce,
or knew someone that has, this is a question you will ask yourself. Ron and
Lilly were married for fifteen years and during the course of their marriage had
three children ages 8, 10 and 12. Ron worked as a private attorney in a solo
practice and Lilly worked in the home as a homemaker. Although Lilly worked in
the home, she had a Bachelors degree in early childhood development. She had
always wanted to work outside of the home, but she and Ron felt that it was more
important to care for the children full time. When her husband announced that he
was leaving, she wasn’t surprised that he didn’t care for her the same way he
did when they first met, but she never dreamed he would leave her and the

Ron packed his things the next day while the children were in school. The
children were not informed their parents were separating and one day would
divorce. Lilly was left alone to deal with the emotional upheaval this would
cause the children. When the children returned from school, they sensed
immediately something was wrong. They knew their parent’s were not getting along
and that their father was spending less time at home, however they never thought
this would happen. When their mother told them that their father would not be
living at home and that nothing else in their life would change, the children
looked with disbelief. The children started to cry, and Lilly as best as she
could, tried to console them. The lives of this family would never be the same.

Ron never discussed with Lilly how the finances would be handled, or how much
money she would need for her and the children to live on. Because Lilly never
worked outside of the home, Ron was now having to manage two homes on one
income. The children attended private school and were in several after school
programs that were very costly. The money Ron gave Lilly and the children, was
not enough to pay the mortgage, utilities, car note, food, clothes and the daily
expenses for the children.

Ron and Lilly’s divorce caused severe financial and emotional instability on
everyone. Lilly and the children had to sell the home they lived in because they
could not afford the financial cost, or the upkeep that was needed to maintain
the home. Lilly and the children bought a much smaller home, in a not so great
neighborhood. Because of the move and lack of finances, the children had to
attend public school and make new friends. The oldest started talking back to
her mother, grades started to fall and she started hanging out with kids that
didn’t care if they went to school. The middle child started to isolate herself
and began to have nightmares about her parents dying. Surprisingly her grades
didn’t suffer. The youngest child cried at the drop of a hat, she just wanted
her dad and couldn’t understand why she didn’t get to see him that often. The
three children blamed their mother for everything and took all of their
misplaced anger out on her.

Because of Lilly’s financial dilemma, she was not able to afford she and the
children counseling. Ron was becoming more and more delinquent in sending
alimony and child support for his family. Lilly was still trying to maintain
being a stay at home mom although she realized the inevitable, she was not
emotionally ready to go out in the work force.

One and one half years after the divorce, Lilly was forced to become apart of
the working class single moms of the world, Lilly got a job as a first grade
teacher. This was an adjustment
for the children, because they had depended on their mom for everything.

Because Lilly was not able to be there for the children, Ron was forced to be
more responsible for the care of the children. Ron shared in the daily dropping
off and picking up the children. This also gave the children, the opportunity to
spend extra time with their father, something that was missing in their life.

Lilly and Ron began to work together with raising the children and the entire
family started to receive counseling. The children began to accept the two
households as well as their parent’s significant others. Lilly and Ron have
learned to work together in rasing their family although it is not always easy.

The breakdown of a family affects the entire family in many ways that is not
noticed, but develops over a period of time. Children many times go through life
believing that there was something they did to cause the break up of their
parents, and always hope that their parents will get back together. Ron’s
children felt neglected by him, unloved as well as feeling guilty about there
parent’s breakup. Because Lilly’s was not given an opportunity to work on their
problems and improve communication, her self-esteem went completely down. Ron
felt bad, but was feeling very relieved that he made the decision to leave.

Divorce can be liberating, depressing, frustrating, or traumatic to any person
who experiences it. Perhaps the most painful part on the process of divorce is
when the children are involved and when they are made to choose sides. Ron and
Lilly minimized the trauma in their children’s life’s, by agreeing on where the
children would live. Although the children experienced changes and went through
periods of fear of not knowing what was going to happen. Today the children
appear to be functioning very well and are doing well in school. If parents
can’t be caring, loving and respectful of each other, then they shouldn’t stay

Children learn from their parent’s, how relationships should be conducted and
will handle their relationships as they see their parents. Since Ron and Lilly’s
divorce, their communication is better now then it was when they were married.

The children witness their parent’s genuine concern for each another and most
importantly for them. Ron, Lilly and the children appear to have taken the steps
for survival during the process of the divorce, but as issues arise it is
important that they are dealt with.

It is important to think of the children when divorce takes place. Finances
should be resolved and if a parent should have to experience the lack of
finances, it should not be the parent that has the children. If a child’s
economic needs are being met, this may minimize the stress they experience when
one parent is absent. The important thing is not to change the child’s
stability, and lack of finances will cause an immediate change. Parents whether
married or divorce, have a responsibility to secure a child’s future, by
providing them with the emotional and economic support that is needed for them
to become productive individuals of society. Children that come from divorce
parents can be just as well rounded as children that come from married parents.

This family appears to have adjusted to the change that was brought on by the
divorce. As long as the parent’s continue to work together, and do what is in
the best interest of the children, they will continue to survive. The girls are
now teenager’s and their father has a close relationship with them. Contact with
their father is very important at this age, because girls have a tendency to
seek negative attention from boy’s. This is usually because they are trying to
fill the emptiness from the lack of relationship with their father. I don’t see
this happening, at least not for their father’s lack of attention. If there are
long term problems that do not surface now, and if it surfaces, it will do so
when the children become adults. Hopefully, because of the manner in which the
parents have handle the last five years, the children will be equipped to deal
with the problems through counseling.


Gender Bias in the courtroom

Although there have been many changes in our society concerning discrimination against ones gender, there is still one area that has yet to change. If we take a man and a woman convicted of the same crime, it is very likely that the man will receive a more callous sentence. Since the beginning of the colonial era, 20,000 people have been lawfully executed in America, but only 400 of them have been women, including 27 who were found guilty of witchcraft. In the 23 years since the Supreme Court reinstated capital punishment, 5,569 total death sentences have been given out by courts, 112 to women. Of these 112, only one has been executed, compared with 301 men. Leigh Beinen, a Northwestern University law professor who studies the gender bias in capital cases nationwide, thinks the reason so few women face execution has to do with the symbolism that’s central to the death penalty. She said, Capital punishment is about portraying people as devils, but women are usually seen as less threatening.” In 1977, Guinevere Garcia murdered her daughter, and later received a 10-year sentence for the killing. Four months after her release, she killed her husband during a robbery attempt. This time, the court imposed the death penalty. Garcia had refused to appeal her sentence, and opposed efforts to save her. Death penalty opponents turned to Illinois Gov. Jim Edgar who as a state legislator, voted to restore the death penalty. The facts of the case swayed his opinion and just hours before the scheduled execution, Edgar commuted Garcia’s sentence to life without parole, his first such act in more than five years in office.
Juries and judges tend to find more justifying factors in capital cases involving women than in ones involving men, Beinen explains. Women who kill abusive spouses, for example, are often seen as victims. Women are more likely to kill someone they know without any premeditation, which is considered less serious than killing a stranger, while some women are presented by defense attorneys as operating under the domination of men. And Garcia’s case, according to Edgar, was not “the worst of the worst.”
According to a study conducted by Victor Streib, an expert on gender bias, has shown that women are involved in 13 percent of U.S. murder arrests, they account for only 2 percent of the death sentences, and make up only 1.5 percent of all persons presently on death row. Those last two figures have remained just about the same for 20 years. Streib says that prosecutors try to “defeminize” defendants by portraying them as lesbians, even if they’re not, or prone to violence, gang leaders or having other traits contrary to “natural female patterns.” But prosecutors still have a tough time overcoming defense tactics that include profuse crying, bodily shaking, and a head hung in shame. By using this style of defense, it lumps women in with the retarded and children by implying that they can’t control their own actions.


Daniel Wheat
Per.3 1/09/02
Chris Wilder
Chris Wilder was born March 13, 1945. At two years old he nearly drowned in a swimming pool, at three he suffered convulsions and had to be resuscitated. His criminal history began in his teen years. At 17, Wilder and a group of friends were charged with gang-raping a girl on the beach in Australia. He was sentenced two years probation and mandatory counseling after pleading guilty. The program included group therapy and electroshock treatments.

In November 1969, he used nude photographs to extort sex from an Australian student nurse. In March 1971, at Pompano Beach, Wilder was picked up on a charge of soliciting women to pose for nude photos; he entered a plea of guilty to disturbing the peace and escaped with a small fine. Six years later, in October 1977, he coerced a female high school student into oral sex, threatening to beat her if she refused, and he was jailed a second time. Wilder admitted the crime to his therapist, but confidential interviews are inadmissible in court, and he was later acquitted. On June 21, 1980, he lured a teenaged girl into his car with promises of a modeling job, then drove her to a rural area where she was raped. A guilty plea to charges of attempted sexual battery earned him five years probation, with further therapy ordered by the court. Wilder was accused of kidnapping two 15-year-old girls from a beach in New South Wales on December 28, 1982, forcing them to pose for pornographic snapshots. Traced through the license number of his rented car, Wilder was arrested on December 29, charged with kidnapping and indecent assault. Wilder was scheduled to appear in court for a hearing on April 3, 1984. He never made it.

On February 6, Rosario Gonzalez, 20, disappeared from her job at the Miami Grand Prix. Chris Wilder was driving as a contestant that day, and witnesses recall her leaving with a man who fit Wilder’s description. Her body has never been found. On March 4, 23-year-old Elizabeth Kenyon vanished after work from the school where she taught in Coral Gables. She was seen that afternoon, with Wilder, at a local gas station, and his name was found in her address book. Kenyon’s parents remembered her speaking of Wilder as “a real gentleman,” unlike the various photographers who asked if she would model in the nude. . On March 19, Terry Ferguson, 21, disappeared from a local shopping mall where witnesses remembered seeing Wilder. Her body was recovered four days later, from a Polk County canal. On March 20, Wilder abducted a university co-ed from a shopping mall in Tallahassee, driving her across the state line to Bainbridge, Georgia. There, in a cheap motel, she was raped repeatedly and tortured with electric shocks, her eyelids smeared with super glue. Terry Walden, 24, informed her husband on March 21 that a bearded man had approached her between classes at the local university, soliciting her for a modeling job. She thanked him and declined the offer, but the conversation struck a chord of memory when Terry disappeared March 23. Her body, torn by multiple stab wounds, was recovered from a canal three days later. On March 25, 21-year-old Suzanne Logan disappeared from a shopping mall in Oklahoma City. Her body was found the next day, floating in Milford Reservoir, near Manhattan, Kansas. Raped and stabbed, the victim had apparently been tortured prior to death. Sheryl Bonaventura was the next to die, abducted from a shopping mall in Grand Junction, Colorado, on March 29. On April 1, 17-year-old Michelle Korfman vanished from a fashion show at the Meadows Mall, in Las Vegas, Nevada. April 4, 1984 he abducted 16-year-old Tina Marie Risico in Torrance, California, raping her that night and through successive evenings as they stayed in various motels, working their way eastward. Subjected to threats and abuse, living continually in the shadow of death, Risico agreed to help Wilder find other victims as he continued his long flight to nowhere. On April 10, Dawnette Wilt was lured away from a shopping mall in Merrillville, Indiana, raped and tortured through the course of that day and the next. Wilder tried to murder her on April 12, stabbing Dawnette and leaving her for dead outside Rochester, New York, but she managed to survive and staggered to the nearest highway, where a passing motorist discovered her and drove her to a hospital. Wilder’s final victim was Beth Dodge, abducted near Victor, New York, on April 12 and shot to death in a nearby gravel pit. Following the murder, Wilder drove his teenage captive to Boston’s Logan Airport, purchasing a one-way ticket to Los Angeles and seeing her off at the gate.
Spotted by the police at a local gas station, Jellison leaped on the fugitive’s back, struggling for the .357 magnum, and two shots rang out. The first passed through Wilder and pierced Jellison’s chest, lodging in his liver; the second snuffed out Wilder’s life, resulting in what a coroner termed “cardiac obliteration.” case. Sheryl Bonaventura’s body was recovered in Utah, on May 3, the victim of a point-blank gunshot wound. Michelle Korfman was found in the Angeles National Forest on May 11, but another month would pass before she was identified, her family’s fears confirmed. A pair of girls, aged ten and twelve, identified his mug shot as the likeness of a man who snatched them from a park in Boynton Beach, in June of 1983, and forced them to fellate him in the nearby woods. His name was likewise linked with other deaths and disappearances across two decades, in Australia and America. In 1965, Marianne Schmidt and Christine Sharrock accompanied a young man matching Wilder’s description into the beachfront dunes near Sydney; strangled, raped and stabbed, their bodies were discovered in a shallow grave, but no one has been charged to date. In 1981, teenagers Mary Hare and Mary Optiz were abducted from a mall in Lee County, Florida; Hare was later found, stabbed to death, while Optiz remains among the missing. During 1982, the skeletal remains of unidentified women were unearthed on two separate occasions near property owned by Wilder, in Loxahatchee; one victim had been dead for several years, the other for a period of months. Tammi Leppert, teenaged model, kidnapped from her job at a convenience store on Merritt Island, July 6, 1983. Melody Gay, 19, abducted on the graveyard shift of an all-night store in Collier County, Florida, on March 7, 1984, her body pulled from a rural canal three days later. Colleen Osborne, 15, missing from the bedroom of her home in Daytona Beach, March 15, 1984. Chris Wilder was seen in Daytona that day, propositioning “models.”
Chris Wilder has been linked to at least: five kidnappings, three rapes (where the women were able to escape, 14 murders, and one attempted murder. He had no apparent MO but most of the women were found in canals.

(no bibliography needed)Words
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What is Spam Anyway?

I’ve found when people discuss spam they really have no idea what they are
talking about. There are as many different definitions of spam as there are
people. In point of fact, this factor alone (not being able to define what
spam is and what it consists of) makes it virtually impossible to control.

In order to control spam, a useful definition is necessary. Why? Simple. In
order to control something, you must know what you are controlling. When
you understand the basic facts, then you can take whatever course of action
is necessary. Until you achieve that understanding, you will be shooting
blindly at an undefined target. This makes it very difficult to actually do
anything useful.

So on that note, what kind of definitions for spam work and don’t work?
Commonly spam is defined as unsolicited email. Unfortunately, this
definition by itself is NOT spam and means absolutely nothing. What’s wrong
with it? This definition does not help you solve the problem, and thus is
incorrect. If this definition was true, then to prevent spam you would have
to somehow contact a person to ask them if you could send them an email.

For example, I don’t generally call someone on the phone and ask them for
an email message. That would be silly. In fact, by definition most email is
unsolicited; I don’t, for example, expect my wife or a friend to ask me if
it’s okay to send me a message.

Sometimes spam is defined as emails that are from unknown sources. Hmm.

This really doesn’t work well either. I’ll get emails from my website from
people I don’t know – these are not spam. Also, sometimes my friends will
pass my email address to their friends, who send me email. These are also
not spam, even though they were from an unknown source and were

How about just plain annoying emails? That seems to be the definition that
most people have in mind when they mention spam. If the email is annoying
in some manner, and especially if it was unsolicited, it is spam. This
definition probably gets a little closer to the heart of the matter, but it
really doesn’t define spam well.

What about unsolicited bulk email? This definition gets a little bit closer
but it still doesn’t really define spam well. I mean I give my email
address to my bank and I really didn’t ask them to send me emails (although
I didn’t ask them not to as well). Yet I would not call this spam as I do
business with the bank. Their emails might be annoying, but since I have a
business relationship with the bank I expect them to communicate with me

Okay, so what is spam?
I like to think of spam as “unethical mass email”. By this I mean emails
which violate the netiquette standards of the majority of users of the

Note that by this definition, an individual email sent to a person is not
spam. A commercial email, however, is another matter. Even a single
commercial email might be unethical if it does not follow the rules below.

Ethical emails are targeted well towards their audience. Unethical emails
are mass mailings sent out blindly to a large number of people.

These are emails that are sent to thousands, tens of thousands, even
millions of people, hoping against hope that a few dozen will be stupid or
greedy enough to respond. These emails are untargeted and will not pertain
to the majority of the recipients. Since the majority of the people reading
the message (usually upwards of 99%) will simply delete it immediately,
this makes the mailing unethical.

Ethical email messages include valid email header information. This
information properly identifies the sender of the message. In addition, all
of the other header data in the message is correct.

Spam messages often have forged or invalid email headers. This means it is
difficult (if not virtually impossible) to trace the source of the email
based upon the header information within the email message. Since the
sender of the message cannot be identified the message is unethical. In
this case, even a single email message would count as spam.

Ethical mailings include a method for opting out which actually works.

If you run a newsletter or do any kind of mass mailing, you must include at
least one method of removal in the email message itself. This removal
method (and more than one is preferable) MUST WORK. Some things which I
often see in opt-out schemes which ARE NOT VALID include the following:
. Any email message which states that the reader must go to a web site,
log in and then modify his email preferences is UNETHICAL. This
requires too much information from the user and forces him to do too
much work.

. If the email message includes an unsubscribe link (or other means)
which does not work, then it is UNETHICAL.

. Messages which validly allow for opt-out but then say “you will be
removed in a week” or some other long period of time are UNETHICAL.

These are computers people, and there is no reason to include these
long delays. Remove the person immediately.

Ethical mass mailings are double-opt-in. This means after a person signs up
for the mailing list, he receives a confirmation message. He must either
reply to this message or click a link to activate the mailings to him. Any
other form of opt-in is UNETHICAL as it allows people to be subscribed by
others or by accident.

Ethical mailings do not include webbugs, set cookies or perform any kind of
involuntary tracking.

Email messages are often opened up by the recipient before he knows
anything about the message. This means if you are doing any kind of
tracking, the person has no way to stop it, short of blocking the receipt
of the message entirely. This lack of a choice on the part of the recipient
makes this kind of tracking UNETHICAL. The only time this would be ethical
is if it was clearly stated when the user signed up for the mailing. In
that instance, this behavior is known and this makes it ethical. Note that
while the web site privacy policy should state this fact, it must also be
stated clearly on the page where the person actually signs up for the

Ethical mailers do not use email harvesters. Using special robots to gather
email addresses from web sites is UNETHICAL. These email addresses are
generally included on web sites to allow individuals to communicate with
individuals. Rarely is the intention to join a mass mailing list

Ethical mailers do not take advantage of open relays or use other “spammer
tricks”. If you are legitimate, then there is no need to attempt to hide
your whereabouts or cover your tracks. Using a relay without permission or
sending millions of emails through an unprotected formmail script is simply
bad manners.

Get the idea? Spamming is NOT sending someone one or more email messages
without their express permission. Spamming is simply ignoring the rights of
others (your audience, system administrators and even the users of the
internet as a whole). That’s all it is.

Interracial Marriages

Interracial Relations and Marriages
Thesis statement,: The United States has witnessed a considerable social and
cultural desegregation of Black and Caucasian Americans. However, despite years
of desegregation, racial and cultural differences still exist. I show these
differences still exist in the institution of marriage. 1.Americans have been
and are continually moving slowly away from segregation. A.Since the 1960’s
Blacks have been allowed to move into mainly Caucasian neighborhoods. B.

Integration on campuses is now more apparent then ever before. 1.Students
cat together. 2.Students study together, C.Black and Caucasian
issues have converged. 11,notwithstanding these examples of desegregation,
there are still signs, most clearly is apparent in the institution of marriage
between Black and Caucasians.

Ill. One of the major barrier.-, of interracial marriages lies in the family
of the couples. A.Louis, a Caucasian women, and Chuck, a Black man, were
married in 1960. 1 .They have no prejudice about each other.

emailprotected have mixed group of friends.

3,They had problems with family. a)Louis mother had asked her why
she could not marry her own kind. b)This conflict finally caused the ties
between mother and daughter to break.

B.Mama, a Caucasian Jewish, married a Black.

I. None of her family members attended her wedding except her mother.

2.Her father told her that he could not believe that she married a Black.

Nevertheless, she survived her family disapproval.

IV.An unlikely source of problems for interracial married couples comes
from religion. A.The majority of interracial married couples involved in
Christian churches before marriage discontinue church membership and attendance
after marriage. B.Couples search for churches that are like home. C.

They are met with resistance from religious people who have been reported to
have said that if their children married a Black person, they would kill them. D.

Every couple has their own crisis, but for some, the church officials
who are against divorce will turn around and recommend a separation…. because
the couple are a Black and a Caucasian. V.These churches need to face a
growing phenomenon. 1.In the Old Testament, God strongly opposes
intermarriage. a)Ezra and Nehemiah challenge the people to repent over
intermarriage. They describe it as Israel’s most sinful offense. 2.A closer
look at the passage reveals something else. a)Opposition to intermarriage
arises when people of God marry those who worship a God other then Yahweh-B.

The church must repent not only from bad theology but also for failing to
protest racist laws in the past. VI. The law is equally to blame for the
segregation, by causing tensions. A.Edgar and Jean and had twice stopped by
the police because they were walking hand in hand, but more so, because they
were Black and Caucasian. B.Law that supports the “one drop” theory. vii.

The problems of interracial married couples also extends to their children. A.

The Bronzes had sent their daughter to a pajama party at a Black families place.

When they picked their daughter up the host family was surprised to see that her
father was Caucasian. B.Older children of interracial married parents
also face problems.

1.They have to decided which parents’ culture to adopt.

2.They have to decided if they are Black or Caucasian.

With all these problems, what brings these Black and Caucasian people together?
A.Opportunity that an educated partner provides. B.How the partner
perceives the beauty of the other.

C.The ability to communicate.

D.The main reason, love.

ix.It can be seen quite clearly that there are still attitudes that support
segregation. A.It could possibly be true that the only way to make
changes involving segregation, is through marriage.

Interracial Relations: Marriages
The United States has witnessed a considerable amount of social and cultural
desegregation of Blacks and Caucasians. However, despite years of desegregation,
social and cultural differences still exists. These differences still exist in
the institution of marriage. Americans have been and are continually moving
slowly away from segregation. In the past forty years a multitude of changes
have transformed schools, jobs, voting booths, neighborhoods, hotels,
restaurants and even the wedding altar, facilitating tolerance for racial
diversity ( Norman 108 ). Since the 1960’s, when housing discrimination was
outlawed, many Blacks moved into mainly Caucasian neighborhoods. The steadily
growing areas in the west and south-west are least segregated, because these
areas never had the entrenched Black and Caucasian sections of town ( “Up For
separatist’ 30 ). Even more visible signs of desegregation can be seen in the
areas of education. A study done by the University of Michigan shows that
integration on campuses occur on a regular basis. The racial line are crossed
routinely; about 50% of Blacks and 15% of Caucasians reportedly study together.

Eating patterns also share the same similarities. At a social level there has
been a steady convergence of opinion on a variety of racial issues. Since 1972,
surveys have asked whether the respondent would favor a law making inter-racial
marriages illegal. In 11980 the results showed that 3 0, I% of Caucasians and
18.3% of Blacks favor such a law. By 1994, the collected data showed 14.7% and
3.2% respectively. Similar trends have also been observed in busing and even
integrated social clubs ( “Up For Separatist’ 3 0 ). A simple analysis shows
that on the surface desegregation is moving in the right direction.

Notwithstanding these examples of desegregation, a deeper analysis shows that
there are still signs of racial discriminations; most apparently seen in the
institution of marriage between Blacks and Caucasians. The United States bureau
of the Census reported that in 1987 over 827,000 interracial married couples
existed in America, of which fewer than 200,000 of them were between Blacks and
Caucasians ( Herring 29 ). These numbers ( census ) do not reflect the spread of
desegregation very well. If there is such a large spread of desegregation
between Blacks and Caucasians from the past to the present, then the numbers
should reflect a much larger count of interracial marriages between these races.

This however, is untrue; therefore there are less apparent barriers Black and
Caucasian couples face. One of the major barriers that face these couples does
not come from themselves but rather from family disapproval. Lois, a Caucasian
women, and her husband Chuck Bronz, a Black man, were married in 1960. They
have no prejudice about each other and they share the comfortable rhythm of any
long married couple. They had no problems with friends because they had a good
mix of them from different races; friends who looked at the person not the color.

However, they had problems with other people, namely Lois’s mother. Her mother
had sat her down and asked her why she could not marry her own kind. Lois, of
course, stood firm and married Chuck, which unfortunately resulted in the ties
between her mother and herself breaking Kantrowitz 40 Rebun, a Black Jewish man,
married Mama, a Caucasian Lutheran women. None of Mama’s relatives attended the
wedding, except for her mother. Mama’s father was finious that he was expected
to accept a Black, and a Jew, into the family ( Aunapu, Monroe, Sachs and Taylor
65 ). It is not the disfavor of strangers that hurts these couples the most, but
rather the disfavor of family. Territa, a Black women, had broken up with Todd,
her Caucasian husband, several times before getting married because of the
initial reaction of Todd’s family ( Randolph 154 ). These people nevertheless
survived their family disapproval. Fred and Anita Prinzing, both Caucasians,
know the troubles of interracial marriage. Both their son and daughter married
Blacks. Fred and Anita responded that they thought that they were not
prejudiced, and were proud of it; but when it came to their children, they could
not explain their prejudice towards their children marrying Blacks. The best
explanation they could give is that their prejudice is the left over residue of
their parents ( Gilbereath 32 ). Another major barrier that Black and Caucasian
couples encounter comes from an unlikely source, religion. In Earnest
Porterfield’s classic survey of interracial marriages, one fact stands out. The
majority of couples actively involved in Christian churches before marriage,
discontinue church membership and attendance after marriage. A growing number
of couples in America are crossing racial and cultural lines to many. Every
couple has their own crisis but, for some, church officials who are against
divorce will turn around and recommend a separation simply because the couple
are Black and Caucasian. In several books of the Old Testament, intermarriage
is strongly opposed by God and his prophets. Ezra and Nehemiah, two of Israel’s
God-ordained leaders, challenged the people to repent over intermarriage and
encouraged divorce en masse. They describe intermarriage with those who do not
revere God as one of Israel’s most offense crimes. A closer look at the Old
Testament, however, reveals misinterpretation. Opposition to intermarriage
arises when people of God many those who worship a God other than Yahweh. These
couples are searching for churches that feel like home. If national trends are
any indication, the American churches need to be prepared to face a growing
phenomenon. Until that happens interracial married couples will meet with
resistance from religious people who have been reported as saying that if their
own children married Blacks, they would kill them ( Perkins 30 ). The church
must repent not only for bad theology but also for failing to protest racist
laws in the past ( Myra 18 ). The law is equally to blame for causing
unnecessary tension. A study of thirty nine “fiddle class Black–Caucasian
couples in New York found that most of these couples had experienced being
pulled over by police who suspected either the Black women to be a prostitute or
the Black man to be a rapist ( Perldns 30 ). Edger, a Caucasian Jewish man , and
Jean, a Black Baptist women, on more than one occasion have been stopped and
arrested by police because they were walking arm in arm ( Aunapu, Monroe, Sachs
and Taylor 65 ). Races have mixed, Going back to the Colonial days. Over time,
other races have blended with Caucasians without question. Black mixing,
however, has been accountable for the “one drop” theory which has defined a way
to permanently separate Blacks. The “one drop” theory was reinforced in the
landmark Plessy vs. Ferguson Supreme Court ruling in 1986. The Plaintiff,
Homer Plessy, argued that segregation was wrong and he should not be
discriminated against because, after all, he was only one-eighth Black. The
justices, however, ruled that he must ride in the “separate but equal” coaches
reserved for “coloreds.” Almost I 00 years later, in 1986, the Supreme Court,
upheld a decision forcing a Louisiana woman who was only one-thirty second Black,
to be legally declared as Black. ( Norinen 108 ). Troubles do not stop here for
interracial married couples. The problems that are faced by interracial parents
are mirrored in their children. On one occasion the Bronzes had sent their
daughter, Shelly, who looks Black, to a pajama party. The Bronzes had never met
the family, who are Black, that put up the pajama party and decided that one of
them should go to say hello. So Chuck, Shelly’s dad, knocked on the door and
was met with disbelief The family was surprised that Shelly’s father was a Black
( Kantrowitz 40 ). Older children of interracial marriage parents also face
problems. They have to make a choice as to which parent’s culture to adopt.

Halle Beny stated that it is important that multicultural individuals make a
choice about race early in the life because even if they identify themselves as
interracial they will still be discriminated against as a person of color in
this country ( Norman 108 ). Knowing all these barriers and problems, what
brings Black and Caucasian people together? According to a study done by
Matthijis emailprotected, a factor that is consistently associated with intermarriage is
social class or status. Black outmarriage becomes gradually more common when
moving up the occupational scale and more common among higher educated Blacks.

Among Caucasians the pattern is reversed. It is believed that Caucasians are
more likely to many a Black spouse when it allows them to many a partner of high
socioeconomic prestige ( 119 ). The appreciation of a partner’s beauty and the
common; the ability to communicate, and the main reason for marriage, love is
what bring them together (Randolph 154 It can be seen conclusively, that parents,
religion and the attitudes of people, in general, are the main causes to the
friction in interracial relationships and marriages. It is difficult, if not
impossible, to change the attitude of parents, the older generation, to
influence the churches to accepting the patterns of new thought and identity.

The older generation will not change because their ideas and thoughts have been
ingrained in them. The current generation, who are also guilty of causing
friction, and the next generation must be educated to understand and accept
these patterns of new thought, interracial marriages. Until these attitudes,
that support segregation, are suppressed and eventually the only way to make
changes involving segregation
Children of interracial married couples learn tolerance within the family, which
allows these children to ad their experiences to others, in one way or another.

Works Cited
Aunapu, Greg., et al., eds. ” Intermarried … With Children.” Time. Fall
64-68. Gilbereath, Edward. ” How Our Children Surprise Us. ” Christianity
T emailprotected . 7 Mar. 1994:
32-34. Herring. Roger D. ” Development Biracial Ethnic Identity: A Review
Of The Increasing Dilemma. ” Journal Of Muliticul tral C)unseline & Development,
23.1 (Jan. 1995): 29-39. Kalniijin, Matthijis. ” Trends in Black/White
Intermarriage. ” Social Forces. Sep. 1993:
119-147. emailprotected, Barbara. “Colorblind Love.” Newsweek. 7 Mar 1988:
40-42. Nfira, Harold. ” Love In Black And White. ” Christianitv Tod4y. 7
Mar. 1994:
18-20. Norman, Lynn. ” Am I Black, White Or In Between. ” Ebony. Aug.

108-110. Perkins, Mtaii. ” Guess Who Is Confing To Church. ” Christianity
T emailprotected . 7 Mar. 1994:
30-32. Randolph, Laura B. ” Black Women/White Man: What’s Going On? “
EboLny. Mar. 1989:
154-158. ” Up for Separatism. ” Economist. 21 Oct. 1995: 30.

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The Unwanted

In “The Unwanted”, Kien Nguyen is a child born to a Vietnamese mother and her white American soldier lover. In 1975, the time of the Communist takeover, the U.S. left Vietnam. Kien, his pregnant mother and his younger brother Jimmy, also Amerasian, made it to the roof of the U.S. embassy in Saigon, waiting for the return of a helicopter that never made it back for them to escape. The next ten years Kien and his family endured many hardships.

This book is full of extraordinary courage, determination and will. Kien was subjected to many injustices, most of which were inflicted by the males in his life and community. Kien’s mother’s boyfriend, Lam, was a cruel man who took advantage of people around him. He raped the family maid, Loan, and he raped Kien as he slept alone at night. Lam was a sociopath and very manipulative, he took advantage of Kien’s family. Kien’s cousins were also cruel to him and his brother. They were poor, and took great joy in tormenting Kien and Jimmy. His cousins were glad to have others around who were considered “lower” then they were. Tormenting Kien’s family made the cousins feel better about themselves. When the boys were given a dog, the cousins kicked it to death while laughing. It was mostly males, but there were also female figures who took part in the violence surrounding him. His aunt was a person who had the power to stop the violence, but she only encouraged it. She got a sense of power by having Kien’s family being so destitute and dependant on her.
The direct traumas that Kien endured were many. When he was a young boy, he experienced security and the joy of healthy relationships. He was surrounded by comfort and luxury. By the time the Communist party took over, his family was left with nothing. One of the first traumas he endured was being left on the roof top at the U.S. embassy. If the helicopter could have landed safely, his family would have been taken to safety. He had to leave his childhood home and move to the home near his aunt’s house, where he was tormented by his cousins. He witnessed the maid, Loan, being raped by Lam, and then he himself was raped by Lam. His beloved dog was kicked and beaten to death by his cousins. He attended school, and was a good student who forged a bond with his teacher, then his teacher mysteriously disappeared. He was instructed not to ask any questions about her disappearance. This instilled more fear in Kien. Kien wrote his biological father a letter with the hope to find him in the U.S., but his letter was returned unopened.

Kien’s life was full of structural violence as well. His community was completely changed and had turned on his family. He was oppressed, and forced to conform to the Communist party. Because they were poor, Kien and his siblings were starved, neglected and lived in constant fear. There was helplessness all around them.

Because of the traumas surrounding the family’s life, their behaviors changed. They lived as only survivors can live: doing whatever has to be done to have basic needs met. Kien’s mother, Khuon, was a very resourceful and manipulative woman anyway, but now that her desperation was at an all time high, her craft became finely honed. She was able to keep them all alive, when others around them were dieing. She used the connections she had to get what she needed. She didn’t dwell on what she couldn’t do, instead, she did what she had to do, whether it was selling her blood or prostitution. There are times in the book when I thought of her as heartless, but then she redeemed herself by revealing that she had a plan all along to get revenge on Lam for raping Kien, for using her and abandoning her, her children and his own child.

The other family members, the grandfather and grandmother, they clung to one another and their family traditions as the world collapsed around them. When grandmother died, grandfather still held tight to her memory, memories of her and the happiness of their life together kept him alive. Jimmy and Beti looked to Kien for love, hope and faith. They depended on Kien very much, and their dependence fueled Kien’s survival.

Kien’s brother and sister depended on him for their survival, and that drove him to survive, also. The fact that Kien had experienced happiness and security in the past, and the drive to find it again in the U.S., also kept him struggling to survive.

“Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl” is a graphic account of one woman’s experience as a slave. Harriet Jacobs, the slave girl, writes her personal story about her experiences that fueled her determination to assure the freedom of herself and her children. The book is written in 1842, while she lived in New York, after she escaped from slavery.

The biggest tormentor in Harriet’s life was her master, Dr. Flint. Dr. Flint’s wife, Harriet’s mistress, also made her life miserable in many ways. Dr. Flint was a very cunning and manipulative man, so Harriet had to keep a few steps ahead of him, which kept her in a constant state of fear and anxiety. Harriet also experienced kindness from other men in her life, such as her brother and her uncle.

Harriet’s trauma started very early in life. At the age of 6, her mother passed away, and it was then that she was told that she was a slave. She describes a life of carefree happiness before knowing she was a slave. When she lived on Dr. Flint’s property, she wasn’t given proper, warm clothing or shoes, and she depended on her grandmother to provide them for her. She was exposed to foul language by her master, and subjected to his sexual advances constantly. Harriet witnessed violence to other slaves on a regular basis, and was reminded by her master that she “didn’t have it that badly” as compared to them. She freely admits that she wasn’t used for hard labor out in the cotton fields, but she did work hard with a needle and thread for her mistress and master daily. She lived with no sense of appreciation from those around her. When Harriet fled her master, she went into hiding for 7 years. She was kept in a very small space, with little to no exercise for long periods of time. When it rained, she was soaked, when it snowed, she was frozen, and when it was hot, she was subjected to the heat as though being in an oven. She was away from her children for many years, although the seven years she hid near her grandmother’s home, she did get to hear their voices and to get glimpses of them through tiny holes in the structure. Harriet loved her children very much and being away from them made her feel as though she were going to go crazy.
The structural traumas that Harriet endured were what every slave had to live with, racism being the biggest. Because she was black, she was considered property. And her children were property, even though they were half white. Poverty kept her down, also.
Because of her desperate situation living on Dr. Flint’s property and fearing things would get worse, Harriet was forced to do something she wouldn’t have done under other circumstances. She had sex outside of marriage, and she conceived her first child. This did have the results she wanted. She also had to be very manipulating and cunning. Harriet would have never abandoned her children, but she was also forced to do that. This was ultimately for their own good, but it was very painful for her. She was concerned with how the community would judge her. She drew on the strength of her grandmother during these times.
Knowing her grandmother loved her no matter what is one of the biggest things that kept Harriet alive. Her uncle Ben also had much love for her, and later, the love for her children, allowed her to keep her mind on the end result, which was freedom for her and her children.


Throughout the study of world history, the ideology of “divide and conquer” is studied and glorified as the most effective strategy for colonialism. The institution of slavery and the transporting of Africans across the ocean to serve as slaves in the “New World” depict the most blatant use of coerced division in the Europeans efforts to completely enfeeble African slaves.

The middle passage portrays the Europeans efforts to divide African cultures by separating the slaves so that they were amongst those that spoke different languages and therefore could not communicate with them. The results of this “middle passage” experience left the African confused, alone, and virtually powerless in an environment foreign to him in every way. Amistad illustrates the result of not separating the Africans and attempting to “conquer” them without stripping them of the ability to communicate with one another. Without instituting the process of “cultural division” (and eventual extinction) resulting from the “middle passage”, efforts to conquer the African people were worthless.

Films like Amistad, and the few presentations and rhetoric that portray realistic viewpoints of Africa in the past and present, illustrate the physical, emotional, and spiritual strength of African people. They enable African Americans to be proud of their heritage, and eliminate the false pretenses set by many that African Americans have no connection to the “motherland”. Learning about Africa from coast to coast, and seeing the array of environments from the most primitive tribes, to the big cities and metropolitan areas annul many whites efforts to continue to enfeeble African Americans by portraying the entire continent as “uncivilized”. By attempting to continue to divide African Americans from their people in Africa, whites continue to conquer them, by controlling their minds.

Spielberg Bio

Steven Allan Spielberg was born December 18, 1946, in Cincinnati, Ohio, to parents Arnold, an electrical engineer, and Leah, a former concert pianist.
Spielberg was raised in Phoenix, Arizona, where his love for film and business savvy were always apparent. At age 12, he used the money he earned from his tree-planting business to fund his first amateur film, for which he also wrote the script.
stardom is no science fiction
Despite his early experience with filmmaking — he made Escape to Nowhere, a 40-minute war movie at 13, and a 140-minute film entitled Firelight at 16 (science-fiction, of course) — he was still rejected from USC’s prestigious filmmaking program twice.
Spielberg attended California State University instead, where he received his BA in English, and where he also studied cinema. The aspiring filmmaker finally got his rite of passage into television after his short film, Amblin’ (also the name of Spielberg’s independent company) received much praise at the Atlanta Film Festival.
A 20-year-old Spielberg landed a 7-year contract with Universal-MCA, making him one of the youngest TV directors there. Spielberg worked on television shows such as Marcus Welby, M.D. and Colombo, and the pilot episode for the series Night Gallery, which starred Joan Crawford (he and Crawford had remained close friends until her death).
As for film, Spielberg worked on made-for-TV movies like Something Evil (1972) and Savage (1973), but it was 1972’s Duel which made everyone raise their eyebrows. It became a cult classic and helped forge his way into cinema.
express to success
Spielberg’s entrance into film was marked by 1974’s The Sugarland Express, which marked him as a Hollywood up-and-comer. But it was the film Jaws that would not only instill a fear of the ocean for people; it also launched Spielberg to A-list status and solidified what we now know as the summer blockbuster.
When Close Encounters of the Third Kind was released in 1977, it was clear that Spielberg was a force to be reckoned with; the Academy also recognized his skills by honoring him with a Best Director Oscar nomination. With hits come misses, and Spielberg had some of those too, namely, his first comedic attempt, 1941. The film flopped, but with the coming of a new decade, Spielberg had the force to strive ahead and become the most powerful director of his time.
Spielberg and his buddy, fellow movie powerhouse George Lucas, joined efforts to make a little film called Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark, which Spielberg directed. The film, starring Harrison Ford, proved to be the perfect formula for what spawned a 3-part movie franchise.
Exploring alien life forces and science fiction once again, Spielberg made 1982’s E.T: The Extra-Terrestrial, which became the highest-grossing movie of its time and an instant film classic. The movie went on to win awards such as the National Society of Film Critics award for Best Director, as well as the Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards for Best Director and Best Film.
let’s get serious
In the midst of sequels to Indiana Jones, (Temple of Doom and Last Crusade), Spielberg directed The Color Purple (which launched Oprah Winfrey’s career), as a response to critics claiming that he can’t make a “serious” movie. Well, this serious movie received a lot of serious critical acclaim, and brought the Directors Guild of America award to Spielberg for Theatrical Direction in 1985, as well as 11 Oscar nominations, but not one honoring the director. As a consolation prize, he did receive the prestigious Irving G. Thalberg Award in 1987.
1987 saw the release of Empire of the Sun, while Always was released in 1989, followed by Hook 2 years later. These were each moderate successes, while the latter two were pretty forgettable, especially by the time 1993 came around.
Spielberg shocked movie-going audiences and critics alike with the summer release of the dinosaur flick, Jurassic Park and the black and white, cinematic gem and historic tribute to Oskar Schindler, Schindler’s List. While Jurassic Park made $100 million in 9 days, Schindler’s List earned Spielberg the Best Director and Best Picture Oscars.
In 1997, Spielberg brought those lovable dinosaurs back to life in The Lost World and released Amistad, for which he received a Best Director Golden Globe nomination. 1998’s Saving Private Ryan, a WWII drama starring Tom Hanks and Matt Damon, received critical-acclaim and helped Spielberg bring home yet another Best Director golden man in February.
producing movie history
As if the list of films directed by Spielberg isn’t long enough, he also produced films such as Poltergeist, Back to the Future, The Flintstones, Casper, Men in Black, Deep Impact, and The Mask of Zorro — suffice it to say that his bank account has always been expanding. This long list of accomplishments has made Spielberg one of, if not the most powerful man in Hollywood.
In addition to Amblin Entertainment, Spielberg founded DreamWorks SKG with fellow honchos Jeffrey Katzenberg and David Geffen, in 1994. The multimedia entertainment studio is responsible for films such as American Beauty, Gladiator, Cast Away, and the animated feature Shrek, as well as TV programming, music and software.
Among the encyclopedic list of awards that Spielberg has enjoyed are Best Director of the 20th Century in an Entertainment Weekly online poll; the Distinguished Public Service Award by the US Navy for his work on Saving Private Ryan; and the second annual John Huston Award for Artists Rights.
He is not only recognized as one of the greatest filmmakers of all-time, but is also known for his charitable work for World War II organizations and the Righteous Persons Foundation (granting money to various Jewish projects, especially Holocaust memorial organizations). He also ironically sits on USC’s School of Cinema-Television Board of Councilors.
can i call you dad?
Surprisingly, the man behind film and television (animated features such as Steven Spielberg Presents Tiny Toon Adventures and Animaniacs) actually has time for his family. He was formerly married to Amy Irving from 1985 to 1989, but is now married to actress Kate Capshaw, since 1991.
Spielberg has one son from his previous marriage, Max Spielberg; a stepdaughter, Jessica Capshaw; 1 daughter and 1 son, Mikaela George and Theo, adopted by Spielberg and Capshaw; as well as a son and 2 daughters with Capshaw: Sawyer, Sasha and Destry Allyn. He is also the godfather of Drew Barrymore, and Gwyneth Paltrow’s “Uncle Morty”, as she calls him.
His upcoming projects include the sci-fi film, A.I., starring Jude Law and Haley Joel Osment and Minority Report, starring Tom Cruise.
What else do you need to know?
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