Women Rights | |

||Since the first American colonies existed, women|
||have been characterized for having less civil rights|
||with less career opportunities than men. For many|
||years women have been fighting to enjoy their own|
||rights. Women have raised their voices to demand|
||their full civil and political rights. Women have|
||had to overcome many economic, political, and even |
||social obstacles created by men just to be treated |
||in an equal way in the American society.|
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||Generally, the women? lives have been characterized |
||for being women full of struggles, obstacles and|
||pain. That is why women decided to demand their own |
||rights through their vote. Which their vote will|
||symbolize the expression of their rights and voices |
||in the face of the American society. The first|
||obstacle that women had to overcome was to get their|
||right to vote. It was an obstacle because women|
||without vote married women did not have a legal|
||voice in the face of the government. During the|
||early history of the United States, a man owned his |
||wife and children as they were any material of his |
||possessions. For example if a poor man decided to|
||drop his children to the poorhouse, the children?|
||mother was unable to defense her children (Women?|
||International Center 2).|
|||
||They are some of several obstacles in the old |
||American society. However these obstacles came from |
||the traditional society custom. The traditional|
||roles for women were to raise children and just to |
||become a wife and a mother. Even thought it is hard |
||to understand that motherhood and wifehood were the |
||most significant professions that women could have |
||(Women? International Center 1). Women could not|
||enter most professions. Women had to overcome the|
||obstacle regarding educational areas. To be more|
||specific a daily life of a girl of 19-years-old was |
||to be sitting for hours sewing gloves in the company|
||of other women, working for low wages, with no|
||aspiration, with no hope of going on in school or|
||even owning any kind of property. In fact, if she|
||decided to marry, her children and even the clothes |
||on her body would belong to her husband (Clinton|
||35). Women had to study traditional areas like|
||writing or teaching (Women? International Center 3) |
||and if they study those untraditional disciplines|
||like medicine, economic or law, they will considered|
||odd (Kreeps 35). This obstacle is more than an|
||obstacle it is a limitation for the women?|
||development.|
|||
||?orking women often faced discrimination on the|
||mistaken belief that, they were married or would|
||most likely get married; they would not be permanent|
||workers?(Women? International Center 3). The women |
||working in some ?en? professions and jobs?(Women?|
||International Center 2), caused an huge economic|
||obstacle in the American society because if a woman |
||that worked in a same job than a men, women were|
||paid about 45 percent less than men for the same|
||jobs (Barko 43). In the American society was a lot |
||of limitation in the areas of career opportunities. |
||However, in the United States during the World War |
||II almost 300,000 women served in the Army and Navy,|
||working as secretaries, typists, and nurses (Women? |
||International Center 3). It was a big step for women|
||in the labor area because in 1989, women were part |
||of a 45 percent of employed persons in the United|
||States, but they had only a small participation in |
||the decision-making jobs (Women? International|
||Center 3).|
|||
||Women could not decide how many children they would |
||like to have. Families had, on average seven |
||children to take care. Many women died in|
||childbirth, and many others did not see their own|
||children grow into adulthood (Costello 25). Abortion|
||was also a political and, social obstacle because|
||both the government and the church did not agree|
||this idea. Women did not have the right to control |
||even their own body, specially the right to control |
||their own sexual reproduction (Eisenberg 5). |
||Limitations on a woman? rights included the|
||inability to establish a legal identity separate|
||from that of her husband, to control her|
||reproductive capacity, to sue or be sued, to own|
||property in her own name, or to pursue a career of |
||her choice (Jarvis, 150). The inability of taking|
||the control of their own reproduction was a huge|
||obstacle for women because women with a lot of|
||children could not work; they had to take care of|
||their babies. And these women with babies become|
||dependable of their husbands simply because their|
||husbands bring the money to home. |
||The status of women under the law began to change|
||once women began to organize for their political|
||rights and voting for policies that were in their|
||interests (Jarvis 151-52). If Women did not have the|
||right to vote, they could not express themselves|
||through it, they would not have the respect that|
||they deserve. After women recognized all of these|
||kinds of obstacles, women decided to stop the |
||unfairness treatment for them.|
||The awakening of women began with the visit to|
||America of Frances Wright? Scottish lecturer and|
||journalist?ho promoted women? rights through the|
||United States during the 1800s (From Revolution to |
||Reconstruction.). Women realized that they should|
||fight for their own rights. In the 1840s a group of |
||American women got together to began to demand for |
||the Women? Rights Movement (Eisenberg 1-2). This|
||group was lead by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and |
||Lucretia Mott which they organized the first Women |
||convention at Seneca Falls, New York. The convention|
||was a declaration to demand their equality with men |
||to the eyes of the law, the right to vote, and equal|
||opportunities in education and employment (Eisenberg|
||1-2).|
|||
||Getting the right to vote at the convention at the |
||Seneca Falls was the first women? obstacle overcame.|
||However, in the same year, Ernestine Rose, a Polish |
||immigrant, was the key for getting a law passed in |
||the State of New York that allowed married women to |
||own their property rights which this helped to|
||declare the Married Women? Property Act (From |
||Revolution to Reconstruction.). Thanks to these|
||declarations today the things had been changed|
||because women now can own any kind of property. And |
||they not only vote but vote in larger numbers than |
||men (Costello 25).|
|||
||According to Juanita M. Kreps in her article, ?n|
||time several major social changes altered women?|
||lives dramatically. More and more women?ncluding|
||married and single women and those with and without |
||young children?oined the labor force. And Education |
||and training opportunities for women expand a little|
||more.?Through the declaration of the women? civil|
||rights, now they can live a life without sex |
||discrimination which also was an obstacle overcame. |
||Today, sex discrimination had been prohibited by the|
||federal and state law, in employment, education and |
||housing (American Civil Liberties Union). Now most |
||of the professions are open to women, although the |
||?lass ceiling?is still a barrier to women?|
||development in their jobs (Costello 25) because the |
||opportunities exist but those are really hard to|
||reach for women.|
|||
||Now most American have to assume that the legal|
||status of women in the United Stated today is so|
||well established that it is not subject to|
||significant challenges. At the end of the twentieth |
||century, the status of women in U.S. society was|
||getting a tremendous change. In recent years, the|
||opinions relating to a women? right to control her |
||reproductive process, and equal level to educational|
||opportunities have dominated the public discussion. |
||Looking toward the next century, it is clear that|
||legal issues concerning the status of American women|
||including their personal lives, at school, in the|
||workplace, and at the ballot box will continue to|
||have a significant impact on women? ability to|
||succeed in the aspect of global economy (Jarvis|
||153).|
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||Today? women are very different from the Colonial|
||times even socially, politically, and economically. |
||Now women can vote and express their voices through |
||it. And actually women vote in larger numbers than |
||men. However, how we can explain in the history of |
||this country we have not experienced the time of|
||having a woman as a President of the United States. |
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||Now many educational and jobs opportunities exist on|
||an equal level for women and men. The right of|
||abortion, while still under attack, is guaranteed by|
||the Constitution. As a result of these obstacles,|
||women today participate in all aspect of society on |
||a more equal basis than ever before.|